Indiana Mental Health Treatment
Physical health and mental health are equally important when it comes to your overall health. Poor health in one may lead to poor health in the other. Depression can increase your risk for physical health issues, especially diabetes, stroke, and heart disease. Likewise, having certain chronic conditions may increase your risk for mental illness. At First City Recovery Center, we offer a mental health residential stabilization program, as well as a mental health partial hospitalization program for individuals dealing with mental health issues.
Mental health problems are common, but there is help available. Individuals with mental health issues can get better and many completely recover. If you are suffering from a mental health problem, we can help.
Mental Health Explained
Mental health is a state of mental well-being that allows you to:
- Cope with life stresses
- Realize your abilities
- Make choices
- Learn and work well
- Contribute to your community
Our emotional, psychological, and social well-being are all part of our general mental health. It determines how we think, feel, and act. Throughout your life, if you suffer from mental health problems, your thinking, mood, and behavior may be affected.
Mental Illness vs. Mental Health
“Mental health and “mental illness” are often used as if they mean the same thing. But they don’t. Everyone has mental health, just like everyone has health. During a lifetime, not all people will experience a mental illness. But everyone will have a challenge or struggle with their mental well-being (their mental health). This is similar to the challenges we all have with our physical well-being once in a while.
When you think about mental health, think about your mental well-being, that is, your:
- Social relationships
- Ability to solve problems and overcome challenges
- Understanding of the world around you
The WHO (World Health Organization) describes mental health as “more than just the absence of mental disorders or disabilities.” Top mental health is not just about managing active conditions, it’s also about taking care of ongoing wellness and happiness. The same way a person who’s not feeling well may not have a serious illness, a person may have poor mental health, but not a mental illness.
Does Mental Health Change?
Depending on several factors, your mental health can change over time. If the demands placed on a person exceed the person’s abilities and resources, their mental health could be affected. An example would be a person working long hours, taking care of children, or a relative, and having a difficult time economically, they may experience poor mental health.
How Common is Mental Illness?
Mental illness is one of the most common health conditions in the United States. Here are some statistics:
- More than 50% of Americans will be diagnosed with a mental illness or disorder sometime during their lives.
- 20% will experience a mental illness in a given year.
- 1 out of 5 children has had a seriously disabling mental illness, either currently or at some time in their life.
- In 2020, about 14.2 million (about 5.6%) American adults had a serious psychological condition.
What Can Cause Mental Illness?
Although there is no single cause of mental illness, there are many factors that can add to the risk for mental illness, including:
- Childhood adversity: Adverse early life experiences such as a history of child abuse, sexual assault, witnessing violence, parental loss, separation, or illness
- Experiences that are linked to chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes or cancer
- Biological factors: Genetic family history of mental health conditions or chemical imbalances in the brain
- Use of drugs or alcohol
- Experiencing persistent feelings of isolation or loneliness
- Continuous economic and social pressure
- Being limited financially or being part of a marginalized or persecuted ethnic group
Are There Warning Signs?
If you’re not sure if you or someone you know is experiencing mental health problems, these are some early warning signs of a possible problem:
- Sleeping or eating too much or too little
- Having little or no energy
- Staying away from people and usual activities
- Having a feeling of numbness, like nothing matters
- Experiencing unexplained aches and pains
- Feeling hopeless or helpless
- Drinking smoking, or using drugs more than usual
- Feeling unusually forgetful, confused, edgy, upset, worried, or frightened
- Yelling at or fighting with friends and family members
- Having severe mood swings that cause difficulties in relationships
- Having persistent thoughts and memories you can’t get rid of
- Believing things that aren’t true or hearing voices
- Thinking of harming yourself or other people
- Lacking the ability to perform daily tasks like getting to work or school, or taking care of your children
Common Mental Health Issues
There are almost 300 mental disorders listed in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). The DSM-5 is the handbook used by mental health professionals to diagnose mental illness. The most common disorders include:
Bipolar disorder: People with bipolar disorder experience unusual changes in their mood, energy, and activity levels. This affects their ability to continue with their daily life. Periods of high mood are called manic phases, while the depressive periods cause a low mood.
Major depression: A person with major depression has a consistently low mood and loses interest in events and activities they used to enjoy. They may feel long periods of sadness or extreme sadness.
Seasonal affective disorder: The reduced amount of daylight during the winter, fall, and early spring months may trigger this type of major depression.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): People who suffer from OCD have obsessions and compulsions. They experience constant stressful thoughts (obsession) and have a powerful urge to perform repetitive acts to try to relieve the thoughts (compulsion). Handwashing, counting, and turning switches on and off are common compulsions.
Panic disorder: A panic disorder causes regular panic attacks that involve sudden, overpowering emotions of helplessness and fear or a feeling of inescapable disaster or death. Panic attacks can happen when a person has high levels of anxiety, but some people experience them repeatedly with no obvious triggers.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD): GAD involves excessive fear or worries that interfere with everyday life. A spell of anxiety symptoms doesn’t need a specific trigger. They may feel excessive anxiety when engaging in everyday situations that don’t pose a direct danger, such as appointments or chores.
Phobias: Phobias are intensely personal and doctors don’t even know every type. There may be thousands and something that seems usual for one person may be a severe problem that controls daily life for another. Some phobias are:
- Simple phobias involve an extreme level of fear of specific objects, animals, or scenarios. A fear of spiders is a common one.
- Social phobia is sometimes known as social anxiety. It is a fear of being judged by others.
- Agoraphobia refers to a fear of situations where getting away might be difficult such as in an elevator or a moving train. It is not the fear of being outside.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): PTSD can occur after a person witnesses or experiences an extremely stressful or traumatic event during which serious personal harm occurred or was threatened, or they believed their life or other people’s lives were in danger. Events that may trigger PTSD include:
- A violent personal assault
- Natural or man-made disaster
- Sexual assault
- Military combat
Personality disorders are conditions in which a person is significantly different from other people in the way they think, perceive, feel, or relate to others. Distorted beliefs about other people and changes in how a person feels can lead to odd behavior, which can upset other people. The most common are:
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD): Individuals with ASPD appear to be uncaring and don’t show remorse for their actions. A person with this disorder may act destructively, carelessly, and unsafely without feeling guilty when they hurt people. A psychopath is a person whose actions toward others tend to chow calculation, manipulation and deviousness. They also tend to not feel emotion and imitate having empathy for others. It is a severe form of ASPD.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD): BPD usually begins in the late teens or early 20s. A person with BPD has trouble controlling their emotions which may cause them to:
- Take unnecessary risks
- Have extreme mood swings
- Have spells of anger, depression or anxiety
A person with BPD is more likely to have other mental health issues, such as depression, eating disorders, and suicidal thoughts.
Narcissistic personality disorder: A person with a narcissistic personality disorder has an unreasonably high sense of their own importance. They seek attention and want people to admire them, while they seem unable to understand or care about other people’s feelings.
Paranoid personality disorder (PPD): PPD is one of a group of conditions called “Cluster A” personality disorders. People with PPD also suffer from paranoia, a constant mistrust and suspicion of others.
Schizoid personality disorder: People with this disorder tend to be detached, inaccessible, and indifferent to social relationships. They don’t want or enjoy close relationships, even with family. It is not the same thing as schizophrenia.
Psychotic disorders are severe mental disorders that cause abnormal perceptions and thinking, and a loss of touch with reality. Two of the main symptoms are hallucinations and delusions. Hallucinations are false perceptions such as seeing, hearing, or feeling something that isn’t there. Delusions are false beliefs, such as believing that the dog is sending secret messages or believing that someone is plotting against you.
Schizophrenia: The term “schizophrenia” refers to a spectrum of disorders. They display psychotic features and other severe symptoms. Schizophrenia is a type of psychotic disorder.
People with bipolar disorder may also experience some psychotic symptoms.
Eating disorders are serious disorders related to ongoing eating behaviors that affect your health, your emotions, and your ability to function negatively. The two most common eating disorders are:
Anorexia nervosa is a potentially life-threatening disorder that features abnormally low body weight, extreme fear of weight gain, and a distorted perception of shape or weight. People with anorexia limit calories excessively or use other methods to lose weight, such as excessive exercise, laxatives, or vomiting. This can all cause serious health problems, even starvation.
Bulimia nervosa is also a life-threatening condition. When you have bulimia, you will have periods of bingeing and purging that include a lack of control over your eating. During these periods, a person will typically eat a large amount of food in a short time and then try to get rid of the extra calories in an unhealthy way. People with bulimia are preoccupied with their weight and body shape and judge themselves harshly.
Tips for Maintaining Positive Mental Health
- Get professional help if you think you might need it
- Connect with others, don’t isolate yourself
- Stay positive
- Get physically active, a walk or a run can work wonders
- Help other people
- Get enough sleep
- Develop and practice coping skills
Indiana Mental Health Treatment
There are many methods for managing mental health problems. However, treatment needs to be highly individualized. Treatment that works for one person may not work for another. And some strategies are more successful when combined with others.
If you are having mental health problems, you need to work closely with a mental health professional who can help you identify your needs and provide appropriate treatment.
First City Recovery Center has experienced professionals who can help you shed weight that’s holding you down. At First City Recovery, we understand how mental illness just makes everything harder. Let us help you set yourself free. Contact us today.
Dr. Vahid Osman, MD is a psychiatry specialist in Indianapolis, IN.
Dr. Osman completed a residency at Austin State Hospital. He has over 32 years of experience in Psychiatry & Behavioral Health. He is board certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.